教工手记,斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic)语必考语法归结

  虚拟语气是考研[微博]教工手记,斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic)语必考语法归结。菲律宾语阅读明白、完形填空和翻译一个很宽泛的语法现象。不过其形式多,很多考生在认清辨识上有一定难度。那下边跨考教育[微博]肖方方先生因而考点辅导我们齐声上学一下。虚拟语气的考点一般在考研中有四大类:if
指导的从句类;从句中(should)do

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第十二讲 虚拟语气

语法日

  句型;特殊句型类以及单用句型类。大家今日先读书第一连串。

开团时间:2014.05.05 10:30

一。考纲必要

之~ 虚拟语气(一)

  大家掌握由if
指导的条件句有二种样式,一种是屏气凝神的原则句,也就视为某事很可能暴发,条件是唯恐存在的,主句中某种意况时有发生的几率也是很高的。例如If
you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile, youmust know
how to identify shared experiences and problems。(2002。Text1
)(假若你想在谈话中用有趣来使人忍俊不禁,你就无法不精晓什么样识别共同的经验和一道的难点。)

团购平台:沪江团购

按照考纲的渴求,虚拟语气部分紧要考查情态动词的精选、虚拟语气在规范句中、在名词性从句中、在简短句中或在寻常交际中的使用等骨干用法。

开诚相见条件句

  另一种就非真正条件句,通过虚拟语气来抒发。例如Iwould have arrived
much earlier if I had not been caught in the
traffic。(要不是交通堵塞,我本会来得早一些。)在那句话中,即使“不堵塞”,可是真实境况并不是如此,所以用虚拟语气。一般有6种常见的样式:

改错题看了N遍,依然找不失误在哪儿?单项接纳纠结了半天,最终只可以靠瞎蒙?西班牙语写作无从下笔,写出来的语句总是错误百出?印度语印尼语学了无数年,动名词和分词依旧傻傻分不清楚?这么多的斯洛伐克语难点,想进重点大学的你还想凑合多长期!随后Vicki先生搭建完整语法序列,轻松精通语法难题、考点,为高考打好准备,让克罗地亚共和国(Republic of Croatia)语不再拖后腿!

二。命题导向

时态:可以表示过去,现在和以后的场馆。它的主导特色是时态退后。

  1)与明天事实相反的非真实条件句,从句中用一般过去时,主句中用would/could/
should 加动词原形,be 动词的过去式为were。

课程详情

基于语境来判定虚拟语气的两样样式是高考试题的第一设题方法之一。在新近的高考试题中,出现了对陈说语气与虚拟语气辨析的试验。虚拟语气在种种从句中的应用是该片段的重大了解内容。

同后天真相相反的比方

  If you then examined theEuropean national youth teams that feed the
World Cup and professional ranks,you would find this strange phenomenon
to be ever more pronounced。(2007,text
1)(查看为国际足联世界杯和专业队输送人才的南美洲国家青年队,你会发现这一意料之外的场景愈发简明。)

课程名称:赶考网-Vicki先生高中语法精讲课程课程有效期:学科开通起180天内课时数:30小节
价:
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三。复习要点

句型:条件从句<一般过去时>;主句

  2)与过去实际相反的非真实条件句,从句用过去成功时,主句用would/could/should
+have done 。

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虚拟语气是一种万分的动词格局,说话人陈述的并不是实际,而是表明一种愿望、即使和臆度等。唯有在非真实的条件句中才使用虚拟语气,倘使假定的原则有可能达成,用诚实条件句。若是一旦的尺度不能落成或完成的可能性很小,则用虚拟语气。使用虚拟语气的情形根本有下列三种:

If they were here, they would help you.

  If he had played lastseason,however,he would have been one of 42.
(2008 text3 )(若是她打了上个赛季,他将只是42个(最高的人)中的一个)

正式质量,质量教育!

  1. 虚拟语气在非真实条件句中的运用

示与过去真相相反的比方

  3)与未来真相相反的非真实条件句,从句用should do 或 were to do
结构,主句中用 would /could/should 加动词原形。

应试学堂是是新加坡耐飞进修学校旗下品牌,应试学堂通过相互实验激发孩子学习潜能及沉睡的期望,让孩子从:“要自身学”到“我要学”,结合耐飞独创的八维学习法,并辅以巧学思网校视频作业讲解,班老董跟踪服务,让儿女疯狂提分不是梦!意见立异:翻转课堂–打破传统老师教学生听炒冷饭式学习方式,线上组成线下,进步学习作用。八维学习法–学学梦想,学习态度,学习动机,学习习惯,学习情势,学习目的,查漏补缺,素质教育全方位提高学生学习力。行动式学习–交互,启发,研讨式学习的应试学堂,丰裕激发学生的主动式学习潜能。

(1) if条件状语从句中的虚拟语气

句型:条件从句<过去已毕时>;主句     

  If you were to examine thebirth certificates of every soccer player
in 2006’s World Cup tournament, youwould most likely find a noteworthy
quirk: elite soccer players are more likelyto have been born in the
earlier months of the year than in the latermonths。(2007 text
1)(假设查看二〇〇六年国际足联世杯(FIFA-World-Cup)联赛每个足球运动员的出生证,你很可能发笑一个值得注意的意料之外现象:好的足球运动员都在一年的头多少个月而不是后多少个月出生。)

背井离乡死记硬背,高效欢喜学印度语印尼语!

非真正条件句表示不容许完结的或完毕的可能性很小假如。条件句与主句皆须用虚拟语气。其虚拟语气的时态方式有三种:

If she had worked harder, she would have succeeded.

  4)混合时态的虚拟

一步跨越语法难关!

①表示与明日实际相反的倘若,从句的谓语动词用“动词过去式(be一般用were)”,主句的谓语动词用“should
(would, could, might)+动词原形”。例如:

示对未来的假想

  指的是主句和从句分别代表三个时态,动词格局根据上述两种样式进行相应的变通。

今昔就去团>>

If you were the UN Secretary General, could you stop the wars on the
earth?

句型:条件从句<一般过去时/were+ 不定式/should+ 动词原形>;主句

  If he had put all theimportant files in the safe yesterday, his boss
wouldn’t be scolding him soangrily
now。(假使前日她把具备紧要文件都坐落有限支撑箱中,他的业主现在也不会以此严谨的说她。)

瑞思学科匈牙利(Magyarország)语怎么

If he had a chance, he would/should/ might/could choose to study
abroad。

If you succeeded, everything would be all right.

  5)省if
将从句中的系动词或助动词提前到主语往日,变成倒装句,考生对那种样式应该通晓和左右。

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easy!

②表示与过去事实相反的假诺,从句的谓语动词用“had+过去分词”,主句的谓语动词用“should
(would, could, might)+have+过去分词”。

If you should succeed, everything would be all right.

  Had it not for the timelyinvestment from the general public, our
company would not be so thriving as itis。(1998
)(假使不是民众投资,我们的店家不会像今日这样发达。)

开团时间:2014.5.4 10:30

If Li Ming had spent more time on her studies, she
might/would/could/should have been admitted to Tsinghua University last
year。

If you were to succeed, everything would be all right.

  6)用介词或连词表示虚拟。比如with,without, under…condition, but for

团购平台:>>沪江团购<<

③意味一种借使在以后完成的可能很小或者根本不能已毕,从句谓语动词可用三种方式:①动词千古式
②were to +动词原形 ③should+动词原形,主句谓语动词用:should (would,
could, might)+动词原形。

后天的虚拟语气就到此地呀,看完将来别忘了学懂你啊(奋斗脸)螺[奋斗]

  And if one received agrape without having to provide her token in
exchange at all, the other eithertossed her own token at the researcher
or out of the chamber, or refused toaccept the slice of cucumber。(2005
text 1
)(要是一只猴子甚至从不用石头就能赢得葡萄,另一只猕猴就会向探讨人口扔石头,或者把石头扔出房间,或者拒绝接受一片黄瓜。)

离开今年上3个月的四六级考试还剩余四十多天。单词还没背,语法不熟识,一遍又四回的裸考,却连连与425分擦肩而过……别急,全世界韩文网校有加上四六级授课经验的付建利先生,帮您告别裸考,决战四六级!总括并精选了历年来四六级高频词汇和语法,并有针对性的结缘例子对历届四六级考试中出现的频仍词汇、语法详细讲解,直击重点,急忙突破。八月要使劲,二月不难过!

⑵ 省略连词if 的虚拟条件句中

教工手记,斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic)语必考语法归结。气象冷了,要多加衣多喝热水哦[玫瑰]

  那是比较正规和相比较便于辨其余虚拟语气,希望同学们多加陶冶。肖方方先生也冀望广大的考生在复习的历程中把遇到的有所长难句都开展集中到一个笔记本上,积累自己的薄弱点,才能针对增强。

学科详情

比方把连接条件从句的连词if省略,必须将从句的谓语部分的助动词had,
情态动词should或系动词were等移至主语以前,构成倒装语序。例如:

  为强调原创,转发请表明出处!

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Had he known my address(=If he had known my address), he would have
visited me earlier。

  小说来源:跨考教育 肖方方-葡萄牙语教研室

教工介绍

Should I meet Jay Zhou some day(=If I should meet Jay Zhou some day), I
might tell him that I like him.

付建利毕业于香港(Hong Kong)航空航天大学,西班牙王国语语言艺术学专业。多年来在大学及多家享誉培训机构从事葡萄牙语教学工作,讲授英美医学选读,西方文化史,CATTI笔译阅读,新定义法语4等课程,中心理管理高校米利坚高等历史学位类型部诚邀英美法学课程助教。常年担任王长喜全国高校意大利语四六级词汇课程、阅读课程等教学,新加坡市教委人们说英语大奖赛英文评委,香港(Hong Kong)平民广播之声意国语频道AM774《Ask
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以及《德语早餐》
等罗马尼亚(Romania)语教学节目。在教学实践中校知识授课与文学知识欣赏共冶一炉,独创设陶宛(Lithuania)语阅读逻辑分析法等遭逢正式普遍认同。

Were I you(=If you were I), I would get on well with my teachers and
classmates。

品牌介绍

【纪念小窍门】可涉嫌句首的词有多少个:had,
should和were。谐音回忆:一马当先“还属自身”。

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⑶含蓄虚拟条件句

突围四六级枷锁!

偶然,可不用条件句表示一个非真实的规范,而用一些介词短语或通过内外文中暗含某种非真实的原则,那种句子叫做“含蓄条件句”。例如:

告别题海,和四六级说拜拜!

①透过with, without, but for和动词不定式短语等表示虚拟的标准

明日就去团>>

She’d look better with shorter hair. =if she had her hair cut shorter

英孚教育课程价格表

Without your help, we could not have completed the task ahead of time.
=If it had not been for your help…

虚拟语气是不少罗马尼亚(Romania)语学者的难点,作者那里找到了虚拟语气的事无巨细语法内容,希望对我们有救助。

But for the heavy snow, I could have gone on holiday. =If there had not
been the heavy snow…

考研保加利亚语:虚拟语气知多少 (一)

She would be shocked to hear the news. =If she heard the news…

虚拟语气是考研阿拉伯语阅读明白、完形填空和翻译一个很普遍的语法现象。然而其款式多,很多考生在认清辨识上有一定难度。那上边跨考教育肖方方老师因此考点率领我们一块读书一下。虚拟语气的考点一般在考研中有四大类:if
率领的从句类;从句中(should)do
句型;特殊句型类以及单用句型类。大家前几天先读书第一类型。

It would be easier to do it in this way. =If you did it in this way…

大家清楚由if
率领的规范句有二种样式,一种是实在的条件句,也即便得某事很可能暴发,条件是可能存在的,主句中某种意况时有发生的几率也是很高的。例如If
you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile, you must know
how to identify shared experiences and problems.(2002。Text1
)(即使您想在开口中用诙谐来使人发笑,你就不可以不清楚哪些分辨共同的阅历和协同的题材。)

②句中富含or, or else, otherwise,
but等词语,暗示句子的某一部分(前句或后句)需用虚拟语气。

另一种就非实际条件句,通过虚拟语气来抒发。例如I would have arrived much
earlier if I had not been caught in the
traffic.(要不是交通堵塞,我本会来得早一些。)在那句话中,如果“不堵塞”,不过真实景况并不是那样,所以用虚拟语气。一般有6种常见的样式:

He was on business in Beijing at that time; otherwise he might have
helped us。

1)与现时事实相反的非真实条件句,从句中用一般过去时,主句中用would/could/
should 加动词原形,be 动词的过去式为were.

Luckily Mary telephoned to inform me of the meeting, or would have been
I absent。

If you then examined the European national youth teams that feed the
World Cup and professional ranks, you would find this strange phenomenon
to be ever more pronounced.(2007,text 1
)(查看为国际足联世界杯和专业队输送人才的澳大利亚国家青年队,你会意识这一意料之外的风貌尤为领会。)

I should have attended my friend’s wedding ceremony, but I couldn’t
afford the time。

2)与过去事实相反的非真实条件句,从句用过去成功时,主句用would/could/should
+have done .

2.虚拟语气在名词性从句中的运用

If he had played last season,however,he would have been one of 42. (2008
text3 )(要是她打了上个赛季,他将只是42个(最高的人)中的一个)

⑴在主语从句中, 在底下的三种情景下,谓语动词寻常用“should +动词原形”

3)与今日真相相反的非真实条件句,从句用should do 或were to do
结构,主句中用would /could/should 加动词原形。

①It is+形容词+that…句型。常见的形容词有important, necessary, natural,
funny, strange, surprising, astonishing(令人愕然的)等。

If you were to examine the birth certificates of every soccer player in
2006’s World Cup tournament, you would most likely find a noteworthy
quirk: elite soccer players are more likely to have been born in the
earlier months of the year than in the later months.(2007 text
1)(借使查看二零零六年国际足联世界杯联赛每个足球运动员的出生证,你很可能发笑一个值得注意的意外景色:好的足球运动员都在一年的头多少个月而不是后几个月出生。)

② It is +名词+that…句型。常见的名词有pity, shame, advice, suggestion,
proposal(指出,指出), requirement, request, desire, order等。

4)混合时态的虚拟

③ It is+动词的过去分词+ that…句型。常见的动词有advise, order, propose,
request, suggest, demand, require等。

指的是主句和从句分别代表多个时态,动词格局根据上述两种样式举办对应的变化。

在以上二种句型中,主语从句的谓语动词要用“should+动词原形”,
should可概括。例如:

必发88 ,If he had put all the important files in the safe yesterday, his boss
wouldn’t be scolding him so angrily
now.(即使前天他把具有紧要文件都置身保证箱中,他的小业主现在也不会以此严格的说他。)

It is important that we (should) have a good knowledge of computer in
modern times。

5)省if
将从句中的系动词或助动词提前到主语往日,变成倒装句,考生对那种模式应该精晓和左右。

It is necessary that these useful expressions (should) be learnt by
heart。

Had it not for the timely investment from the general public, our
company would not be so thriving as it is.(1998
)(假若不是群众投资,大家的小卖部不会像明日这么发达。)

It is a shame that children (should) be forced to beg in the streets in
the capital city。

6)用介词或连词表示虚拟。比如:with,without, under…condition, but for .

It’s suggested that the school (should) organize an outing when spring
comes。

And if one received a grape without having to provide her token in
exchange at all, the other either tossed her own token at the researcher
or out of the chamber, or refused to accept the slice of cucumber.(2005
text 1
)(若是一只猴子甚至从不用石头就能博取葡萄,另一只猕猴就会向切磋人士扔石头,或者把石头扔出屋子,或者拒绝接受一片黄瓜。)

It is required that middle-schools students (should) take at least
one-hour exercise every day。

那是比较正规和相比较易于辨认的虚拟语气,希望同学们多加训练。肖方方先生也冀望广大的考生在复习的长河中把碰到的富有长难句都开展集中到一个笔记本上,积累自己的薄弱点,才能针对增强。

⑵在下列动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可粗略。那类动词有:insist(坚定不移),
urge (催促), order(命令), command(命令), request(请求,要求),
demand(须要),require(须要,须要)suggest(提议),advise(指出),propose(提出)
, recommend(指出, 推荐) 等。

最终,沪江考研祝所有考生考研路上一切顺遂。

The captain insisted that the wounded soldier (should) be sent to
hospital at once。

新航线立陶宛语雅思怎么着

The policeman demanded the thief (should) tell his name and address。

Doctors strongly recommend that fathers (should) be present at their
baby’s birth。

【回忆小窍门】一个“持之以恒”和”催促”、二个“命令”, 多少个“须要”, 七个“指出”。

⑶在含蓄advice, order, demand, proposal(提出) requirement,
suggestion等名词的表语从句、同位语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可概括。

The governor gave order that the flood (should) be controlled before
dark。

My suggestion is that the project (should) be completed by the end of
the year。

在有的名词性从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”或“should +have
done”,表示惊呆、意志等心理色彩,译为“竟然,居然”。

I am surprised /shocked that you should speak in such a way。

I find it astonishing that he should be so rude to his mum。

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

I am glad that your story should have won the first prize。

⑷在wish后的宾语从句中

①意味着将来的愿望达成的可能性相当小,wish后的宾语从句的谓语动词用should/would/could/
might+动词原形。

We wish the friendship between the two countries would last forever。

②意味着与当今真相相反的愿望,宾语从句的谓语动词用一般过去时(be动词用were)。

②He always wishes he were a millionaire and owned a big house and a
sports car.

③代表与过去事实相反的意思,宾语从句的谓语动词用过去达成时。

③How he wished he hadn’t wasted too much time on playing computer games
while at school.

⑸在would rather/would prefer后的宾语从句中

在would rather/would
prefer后的宾语从句中,常用过去时表示与当今或未来实际相反的心愿,用过去达成时表示与过去事实相反的意愿。

⑹在would rather/would prefer从句中

①Frankly speaking, I would rather you came tomorrow. The manager isn’t
available today。

②I would rather you had gone to the party with me last night. It was
really wonderful。

③—Could I smoke here?

—I’d prefer it if you didn’t smoke in front of the children。

  1. 在as if/though 后的法门状语从句中,表示某种意况与明日的实况相反,
    谓语动词用过去式;表示将要发生的场所“用情态动词+动词原形”;表示某种的动静有过去的实际相反,
    谓语动词用过去到位时。

The coach always treats the players as if they were his own children.

She was suffering from a bad cold. Her head felt as if it would burst。

Gary was behaving as though nothing had happened。

4.在in case, in order that目的状语从句中

在in case 指点的目标状语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”;在so that,
in order that
等引导的目的状语从句中,谓语动词除了用“should+动词原形”外,还可用“might/could/would+动词原形”。

In case you should need any help, here’s my number。

In order that training should be effective it must be planned
systematically。

I took a taxi so that I would/could/might be in time for the
appointment。

  1. 在It is (high)
    time(that)…定语从句中,谓语用过去时或用should+动词原形。should不可省略。

It’s high time that we devoted/should devote our time to preparing for
the coming exam。

  1. 在if only感叹句中

if
only表示“但愿……”,“假使……就好了”,句中的谓语动词要用虚拟语气。其构成的不二法门与wish后的宾语从句基本相同。

If only Xiao Hua’s mother were still alive!

If only I had known the answer when my teacher questioned me。

If only I could fly to the moon in Shenzhou Ⅷ spaceship。

  1. 在简单句中

⑴情态动词Would/could/might,表示说话人的礼貌或婉转的文章,常用来日常对话中。

Would you be kind enough to show me the way to the post office?
您能依旧不能率领我去邮局的路?

Could you let me have your passport? 看看您的护照好啊?

Might I speak to you for a moment?
我能和你谈一下吧?(使用might比may更客气)

⑵表示祝福

“may+动词原形”表示祝福,寻常把may置于句首,构成倒装语序。

May you succeed in the future!

May the friendship between us last long!

四. 注意事项

  1. 掺杂时间虚拟条件句中

若是if条件句表示的动作与主句表示的动作爆发的时光不同,从句和主句的谓语动词的款型要基于各自的年华来调动,
那种意况被称作“错综时间虚拟语气”或“混合虚拟语气”。

If America had not made wars on Iraq, the Iraqi people would be living a
peaceful life now。

If I were you, I would have visited the museum yesterday.

If we didn’t have an exam tomorrow, my friends and I could be playing
football now。

  1. 有时候,只在原则句或主句中采用虚拟语气,而另一分句用陈述语气。

If you should change your mind, do let me know。

Should anyone call (= If anyone calls), please tell them that I’m
busy。

Can you read that form carefully, if you wouldn’t mind, and then sign
it?

I would appreciate it ifyou call back this afternoon for the doctor’s
appointment.

—What would you do if it rains tomorrow?

—We have to carry it on, since we’ve got everything ready。

3.
在一部分日常对话中,一些简单句日常暗含虚拟的表示。句中的谓语动词用would/could/
should be等方式或should/would/could/might have been等格局。

It couldn’t be better. 那太好了。

That would be very nice. 太好了。

I couldn’t agree with you more. 我分外同意你的看法。

I wouldn’t have dreamed of it. 我做梦也没有想到啊!

How careless I was! I could have done better in the exam.
我太粗心了,我当然能够考得很好的。

汤姆 hasn’t arrived yet. I should have written down the address for him.
我本应该把地方写下去的。

—How was you interview?

—It couldn’t have been better. Luckily, I found all the answers to
questions。

—Shall I give you a ride as you live so far away?

4.
若insist表示“坚贞不屈说”,suggest代表“暗示,表明”,其后的宾语从句用陈述语气。

The smile on the boy’s face suggested that he was happy to die for his
country。

The man insisted that he had not stolen anything and (should) be set
free immediately。

  1. 万一as
    if/though从句描述的是真性的意况,谓语动词则用陈述语气,而不用虚拟语气。

It looks as if it is going to rain。

It sounds as though she has been really ill。

  1. 在“hadbetter/wouldrather,wouldlike/love to,
    was/wereto+havedonesth”表示过去梦想做某事,但实则未做。例如:

— Do you mind if I open the window?

—I’d rather you didn’t. I feel a bit cold。

  1. hadthought/hoped/meant/intended/expected/wanted/plannedthat+从句
    表示主语过去不曾已毕的心愿。

Weweretohavearrived at9:00thismorning,butImissedthefirst bus.

IhadhopedthatIwouldbeof some help to you, but you didn’t ask me。

—Lucy is crying in the corner now. Didyouscoldherforhercarelessness in
her homework?

—Yes,butI’drathernothavedoneit. 我只要不放炮他就好了。

五. 精典名题导解

  1. (2008山东)Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t think
    we ______ it without you。

A. can manage B. could have managed C. could manage D. can have managed

考点解析:句中的介词短语without you表示一个比方的规则,而时间状语last
week申明句子陈述的内容与过去的事实相反,因而最佳答案为B。

  1. (2008江西)What a pity! Considering his ability and experience, he
    ____ better。

A. need have done B. must have done

C. can have done D. might have done

考点解析:“What a
pity!”暗示她的表现令人遗憾。鉴于他的能力和经验,他自然可能发挥得更好,由此用might
have done,最佳答案为D。

  1. (二零零六年开封市其次次质量检测) —I wish I ________ the meeting。

—But you didn’t。

考点解析:答语But you
didn’t暗示对方没有插手会议。因而说话人说“我真希望我在场了那一个会议。”在wish后带的宾语从句中
,假使表示与过去实际相反的愿望应用过去达成时,因而最佳答案为D。

  1. (山东省普通高中二零零六年结束学业班教学质量调研试验) —Why didn’t you come to
    迈克’s birthday party yesterday?

—Well, I________, but I forgot it。

A.should have B.must C.should D.must have

考点解析:答语意为“我当然应该去的,但是自己忘掉了”。should have done
代表“本来应该做某事,而未做”。作为简略,done 被简单,只保留should
have,最佳答案为A。

  1. (二〇〇九年江苏张家口市高三调研课题)I ____ to go for a walk, but
    someone called and I couldn’t get way。

A. was planning B. had planned C. planned D. would plan

考点解析:句意为:我原布置去转转,但是有人来访,我一筹莫展走开。had planned
to do sth代表过去未能落实的打算。最佳答案为B。

  1. (二零零六年陕西秦皇岛市高三调研课题)I would like _______ you to my
    birthday party, but I was busy and forgot to call you。

A. to invite B. inviting C. to have invited D. having invited

考点解析:句意为:我自然想让您加入自己的遵义宴会,不过因为忙,我忘掉了“。would
like to have done sth。表示“本来想做某事(而未做)”。最佳答案为C。

  1. (江西省重点中学2009届高三率先次联考)—Did you visit the famous
    cultural relics last month?

—No, we _____ visited it, but we spent too much time shopping。

A. could have B. must have C. can have D. ought to have

考点解析:句意为:
“我们当然有时间参观(文化古迹)的,不过咱们在购物上费用了太多的小运”。
could have done表示“过去当然可以做某事(而未做) ”。最佳答案为A。

第十三讲 倒装句

一. 考纲须要

据悉考纲的须要,考生须要控制运用一些倒装和成套倒装的两种普遍意况。

二. 命题导向

近些年的高考试题重点是试验句子的正确语序、置于句首先的副词、短语和挑选连词

三。复习要点

  1. 成套倒装

在底下三种情形下,需把全体的谓语动词放在主语以前,构成任何倒装:

(1)在There
be/seem/appear/live/stand/lie/fly/exist/remain等存在句中。例如:

Look, there’s that bookshop I was telling you about。

Long ago there lived a king with his three lovely daughters。

(2)表示时间、地方和动作转移的副词如here、there、now、then、up、down、in、away、out等置于句首时,为使生动地描述场景而利用倒装语序。此时,句子多用一般现在时或相似过去时。例如:

There goes the phone. I’ll answer it。

There comes the bus!

Suddenly, in came a man with a mask on his face。

(3)Such作表语置于句首时。例如:

Such was Albert Einstein, a simple man and the 20th century’s greatest
scientist.

(4)间接引语的全体或局部位于句首时。例如:

“If you die, who will get your money?”asked Holmes。

(5)表示地方的介词短语开端的句子。

In the center of the square stands a monument。

On the back wall hangs a portrait。

Inside the pyramids are burial rooms for the kings and queens。

(6)为平衡句子结构,或使上下文衔接紧密,而将作表语的介词短语、形容词、副词或分词提到句首,引起倒装。例如:

Gone forever are the days when the Chinese people had to use foreign
oil。

Seated on the grass are a group of students。

Lying about on the floor are books and magazines。

  1. 有些倒装

在下列三种状态下,只把助动词、系动词或情态动词放在主语之前,构成部分倒装。

(1) little, never, not, seldom, neither, nor, rarely, seldom, by no
means, at no time,under no circumstances, in no
case等象征否认意义的单词和短语位于句首时。例如:

Little does he care about what others think。

Under no circumstances are you to leave the house。

Not a word did he say at the meeting yesterday。

(2) 在not…until…, no sooner…than…, scarcely/hardly…when…, not
only…but also… neither…nor.。.等句式中。例如:

Not until he told me did I know the truth。

Hardly had she sat down when the phone rang。

Not only do the workers want a pay increase, they want reduced hours as
well。

Neither does he drink nor smoke。

(3) 当only 修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句位于句首时。例如:

Only then did I find I have made a mistake。

(4) 在 so/such
…that…。从句中,当so+形容词/副词或such+名词位于句首时。例如:

So exhausted was she that she wanted to have a rest。

(5)当代表前面所说的情景也适用于另一个人或事物时,常用so/as+系动词/助动词/情态动词+主语,表示“……也是……”。例如:

Times have changed and so have I。

Eve’s very tall, as was her mother。

(6)当neither, nor位于句首,
表示前面否定的内容也适用与另一个人或事物时,常用neither/nor+系动词/助动词/情态动词+主语,表示“……也不……”。例如:

They couldn’t understand it at the time, and nor could we。

(7)省略if的虚构条件句,把助动词were、had、should提到主语前边时。例如:

Had it not been for your help, we shouldn’t have achieved so much。

(8)as和though辅导的折衷状语从句时。例如:

Child as he is, he knows a lot of things。

Try as she might, Sue couldn’t get the door open。

Strange though it may seem, I like housework。

(9)当may放在句首,表明祝福时。例如:

May you succeed! 祝你成功!

四. 注意事项

  1. 当主语是人称代词而不是名词时,以简要副词开始的句子不倒装。例如:

Here you are。

Away they went。

  1. 当only修饰主语而不是修饰状语时,句子不倒装。例如:

Only you are responsible for what you will become in the future。

Only in this way can you learn English well。

  1. not 修饰主语而不是修饰动词时,句子不倒装。例如:

Not one of the students knew the answer。

4.
当前后三个开口人谈论的是同一人、同一事时,常用so/as+主语+系动词/助动词/情态动词,不再动用主谓倒装。例如:

—I reminded you not to forget the appointment。

—So you did。

—You forgot your purse when you went out。

—Good heavens, so I did。

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