家中在教育中的功能,性骚扰犯裁决引发抗议

  大家事先说过,复习考研[微博]加泰罗尼亚语要讲求真题,在回忆词汇和磨炼阅读了然、翻译题的时候要结合真题做搭配纪念,并辅以相应的磨练,上面大家就以真题为例,从中挑选出简单出现的考点,让2016的考生更深厚地精晓“搭配回忆”法。

1 Good parenting

One of the most difficult transitions faced by parents and youth is that
of going from elementary to middle school. Parents are often dismayed
that their child who once confided every detail now spends more time
alone or with friends. This may be the first time parents are called by
a teacher and told their child is less focused on school than in the
past. While this can be disheartening, it may help to know that much of
this is a normal developmental process.

Five men accused of gang-raping an 18-year-old woman in Spain have been
convicted of sexual abuse but acquitted of the more serious crime of
rape, in a case that sparked a national outcry.

  【相关真题】

Good schooling
The parent-child relationship

Erikson called this stage, “Identity Versus Role Confusion” to imply
youths’ attempts to fit into society during this stage. As an almost
teenager, youth at this stage begin separating from parents and start
focusing more on peer bonding. Most parents remember going through this
stage and may fear their child will make mistakes.

家中在教育中的功能,性骚扰犯裁决引发抗议。All five have been sentenced to nine years in jail. They filmed their
attack during Pamplona’s San Fermín bull-running festival in July 2016.

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies
consist of one-parent households or two working parents;
consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than
was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental
supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other
identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in
school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing
incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to
increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a
direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

2 Build strong family relationships

Know that despite your best efforts, your child is going to make some
mistakes and some of these mistakes, while difficult, will help your
child learn and grow. The important thing to focus upon at this stage is
guiding your child so they do not make major life changing mistakes that
impact their future. For example, parents will want to monitor online
communications, discuss the consequences of sexual behaviors and drug
use, and ensure children are safe. Mistakes such as these can be severe
and include sexual abuse, disease, pregnancy, legal issues, and other
serious issues. At the same time, parents cannot and should not go
everywhere with their children, complete school work for them, or solve
all problems on the child’s behalf. Doing so, ensures the child will not
learn to solve problems needed to succeed in life.

The group and their victim can appeal.

  【高频考点】

Build a sense of belonging
Have meals as a family
Share family chores
Share ideas and feelings

So what is a parent to do? First, monitor your child without interfering
in learning. This means knowing who your child is with or talking to
online, where your child is at all times, and ensuring appropriate adult
supervision when away from home. It also means allowing the child to
suffer minor consequences. Adlerian therapists refer to “natural and
logical consequences.” For example, a child who does not eat dinner may
be hungry or a child who loses a book may have to pay to replace it.
These are healthy consequences and help children learn from their own
choices and mistakes without life altering consequences.

Dozens of protesters outside the court criticised the verdict, shouting:
“It’s rape, not abuse.”

  1.爆发变化:experiencechanges

Strengthen family bonds
Family bonding activities

Another thing to remember, if called by the school, is that your child
may be testing boundaries and focusing more on friends than homework.
This may be frustrating to hear, but take heart knowing this often
occurs as part of normal development. This does not mean, however, that
children should not be held accountable. At this point, parents may have
to become more involved in monitoring their child’s school work,
friendships, and implement immediate and consistent consequences.

Several demonstrations have been called against the verdict and in
support of the victim.

  2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

Achieve a good work-family balance
Help their children with homework

While this stage in your child’s life can be trying, know it doesn’t
last forever. Also, much of what ensues is quite positive. Watching your
child grow as they test boundaries can be humorous at times and if you
do your job as a parent well, you will be proud of the person your child
grows up to be.

The five, in their late 20s and originally from Seville, and the victim,
from Madrid, were not present when the judgement was read out after a
five-month trial, which was held behind closed doors to protect the
woman’s identity.

  3.XKF会对青年犯罪率发生潜移默化:XKFis thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

Monitor their children’s academic performance
家中在教育中的功能,性骚扰犯裁决引发抗议。Are more involved in their children’s education

Under Spanish law, the charge of sexual abuse differs from rape in that
it does not involve violence or intimidation.

  4.伸张可能性:increasethe probability

These parents believe that they are more involved in their children’s
education than their own parents were.

The men, who have been in custody since 2016, have also been ordered to
pay the woman €50,000 ($61,000; £43,500) in compensation.

  5.平素的因果报应关系还不曾建立起来:adirect causal relationship has not
yet been established

Teach their children good manners
Provide good role models for their children

What is the case?

  6.可确定的案由:identifiablecauses

3 Working parents

Videos of the late-night encounter between the men and the young woman
showed how the five men had wandered the streets among other drunken
revellers before two of them led her into the basement block of flats by
the hand.

  7.不合规乱纪的一颦一笑:offensiveacts

It helps busy working parents balance their lives.

According to a police report, the men – who belonged to a WhatsApp group
called “La manada” (wolf pack) – surrounded the woman in a small alcove,
removed her clothes and had unprotected sex.

  8.某事暴发愈来愈多:thegrowing incidence of something

Have busy careers
(Children) Spend their after-school hours without adult supervision

Some of them filmed the sexual act on their phones – there were seven
videos, totalling 96 seconds. One of the men posted messages in a
WhatsApp group celebrating what they had done and promising to share the
recording.

  【翻译磨炼】

Internet addiction
Spend too much time online
Weaken family bonds
Feel disconnected from each other
Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate

According to the police report, the victim maintained a “passive or
neutral” attitude throughout the scene, keeping her eyes closed at all
times. Her phone was then stolen.

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years。

4 Parenting style/ child-rearing style

She was found in a reportedly distraught state by a couple in the street
outside the scene of the attack. She told the trial she was still having
psychological treatment to deal with trauma.

  ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working
parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at
home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

Expect their children to do exactly what they are told
Stifle their creativity
Damage their self-esteem

必发88,Some of the men were found to be in a video in which they apparently
abuse another woman, who seemed to be unconscious.

  结构提示:than was common in the traditional
familystructure突显相比的逻辑关系,相比较的彼此是现行的儿女与传统家庭的孩子。

Spoil their children
Permissive parents
(Children) can behave as they please

Spain’s #MeToo moment

  ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

Are understanding and supportive
Respect their feelings
Support their choices
Respect their individuality

By James Badcock, Madrid

  ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or
failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and
the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

Western parents try to respect their children’s individuality.

The “wolf pack'”case has been Spain’s #MeToo over the past two years,
with thousands of supporters of the victim uniting under the slogan “Te
creemos” (We believe you).

  结构提示:frustration or failure in school, theincreased
availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of
childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语共同组成句子的宾语。

Give them advice and support
Encourage them to think independently
Help them build self-confidence and self-esteem
Help them achieve their potential

The shocking nature of the group abuse, the youth of the victim and the
obnoxious celebratory messages about their “conquest” on their WhatsApp
chat combined to make the case fertile fodder for black-and-white public
opinion.

  ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child
committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not
yet been established。

5 Emotional health/ emotional well-being

That the two majority verdict judges have chosen to see shades of grey
by not interpreting the criminals’ acts as violent or intimidatory will
fuel indignant criticism from feminist groups.

  【参考译文】

This program aims to promote emotional health among young people.

The likelihood that the victim and other parties will appeal means the
debate will continue.

  ①这个年,家庭也发出了一部分变迁。

Provide them with emotional support
(Children) Seek advice from parents
Damage their emotional health

Who are the men?

  ②单亲家庭或者老人都要上班的家庭更多,这样一来,家庭对儿女的管教比传统家庭可能会少一些。

6 Develop good moral values

■  José Ángel Prenda, 28: considered the leader of the five, wrote a
message in the WhatsApp group about the video showing them having sex
with the woman. He had been sentenced to two years in prison in 2011 for
theft with force

  ③不够父母监督被认为对年轻人犯罪率有肯定的震慑。

Teach children the difference between right and wrong
Teach children about social responsibility

■  Antonio Manuel Guerrero: a Civil Guard police officer, born in 1989,
is thought to have recorded six videos. He also admitted to stealing the
victim’s phone

  ④别样可以找到的犯罪行为的由来包含在学堂的破产和战败、毒品和酒越来越简单得到、虐待孩子和大意孩子的事件越多。

7 Good behavior

■  Ángel Boza, 26: his criminal records include theft with force and
driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs

  ⑤怀有这一个规范往往会扩张青年人违规的可能性,即便它们中间直接的因果报应关系还从未确定。

Follow school rules
Develop self-control
Well-behavior students
Teach them good manners and etiquette

■  Alfonso Jesús Cabezuelo, 29: a military officer, is thought to have
recorded one video

  “搭配纪念法”对大家纪念单词、攻克翻译题有很大的相助,但其余巧妙的方法都亟需在长久的演习中熟能生巧,希望咱们在之后的复习进程中,能依据那种艺术把真题吃透,一日千里,你会意识作用实在不错!

Break school rules
Unacceptable behavior

■  Jesús Escudero, 27: a hairdresser

  来源:文都教育

8 Their peers

Peer pressure
Are in their formative years
Often act on impulse

Teenagers often act on impulse and get into trouble with their
parents.

Are influenced by peer pressure
Positive peer pressure ➡️ Increase their motivation to learn
Negative peer pressure ➡️ drug abuse, teenage sex, school bullying,
youth crime

Feel lonely and isolated

9 Behavior problems

Unruly students
Drop out of school

Half of young adults who dropped out of school regretted their
decision later.

Are involved with gangs and crime

Take responsibility for their own actions
Have respect for their neighbors and communities

10 Youth crime

Lack self-control
Do not think about the consequences of their actions
Commit a crime

Reduce/ prevent youth crime
Become law-abiding citizens

11 Prepare them well for adult life

Increase their independence
A responsible member of society
A productive/ contributing member of society

(Parents) raise their children to be responsible/ productive/
contributing members of society

(School) prepare students to be…
Produce well-rounded individuals

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