1. queue 01 a line of people waiting for something in a shop or similar
    place. The usual American word is line

  Unit Four

  Unit Seven

  Unit one

e.g. queue for: There was a long queue for tickets.

  Waiting in Line

  On Ambition

  Elementary Schools in early America

e.g. a queue to do something: a queue to get into the museum

  The British queue up and the Americans wait in line, except for New
Yorkers, who wait on line. No one seems to know the reason for this
local idiom. It is

  If ambition is to be well regarded, the rewards of ambition–wealth,
distinction, control over one’s destiny–must be deemed worthy of the
sacrifices made on ambition’s behalf. If the tradition of ambition is to
have vitality, it must be widely shared: and it especially must be
highly regarded by people who are themselves admired, the educated not
least among them. In an odd way, however, it is the educated who have
claimed to have given up on ambition as an ideal. What is odd is that
they have perhaps most benefited from ambition–if not always their own
than that of their parents and grandparents. There is a heavy note of
hypocrisy in this , a case of closing the barn door after the horses
have escaped–with the educated themselves riding on them. Certainly
people do not seem less interested in success and its signs not than
formerly. Summer homes, European travel, BMWs– the locations, place
manes and name brands may change, but such items do not seem less in
demand today than a decade or two years ago. What has happened is that
people cannot confess fully to their dreams, as easily nad openly as
once they could, lest they be thought pushing, acquisitive and vulgar.
Instead, we are treated to fine hypocritical spectacles, which now more
than ever seem in ample supply: the critic of American materialism with
a Southampton summer home; the publisher of radical books who takes his
meals in three-star restaurants; the journalist advocating participatory
democracy in all phases of life, whose own children are enrolled in
private schools. For such people and many more perhaps not so
exceptional, the proper formulation is, “Succeed at all costs but avoid
appearing ambitious.”

  What accounts for the great outburst of major inventions in early
America — breakthroughs such as the telegraph, the steamboat and the
weaving machine?

e.g. be/stand in a queue: We stood in a queue for over an hour.

  something to ponder while waiting in/on line.

  The attasks in ambition are many and come from varions angles; its
public defenders are few and unimpressive, where they are not extremely
unattractive. As a result, the support for ambition as a healthy
impulse, a quality to be admired and fixed in the mind of the young, is
probably lower than it has ever been in the United States. This does not
mean that ambition is at an end, that people no longer feel its
stirrings and promptings, but only that, no longer openly honored, it is
less openly professed. Consequences follow from this, of course, some of
which are that ambition is driven underground, or made sly. Such, then,
is the way things stand: on the left angry critics, on the right stupid
supporters, and in the middle, as usual, the majority of earnest people
trying to get on in life.

  Among the many shaping factors, I would single out the country’s
excellent elementary schools; a labor force that welcomed the new
technology; the practice of giving premiums to inventors; and above all
the American genius for nonverbal, “spatial” thinking about things

e.g. join a queue: A woman joined the queue behind me.

  Another thing to ponder: It is estimated that Americans spednd up to
five years of their lives in that tedious, weary but unavoidable process
known as waiting. Studies show that otherwise rational people act
irrationally when forced to stand in line or wait in crowds, even
becoming violent.

  destiny n. 1.命运 2.定数,天命

  Why mention the elementary schools? Because thanks to these schools
our early mechanics, especially in the New England and Middle Atlantic
states, were generally literate and at home in arithmetic and in some
aspects of geometry and trigonometry.

  1. a number of people who have telephoned a place at the same time and
    are waiting to speak to an operator

  Queues are a grim reality of city life. While there seems to be no
consensus onthe city’s worst line, the ones mentioned most often in
talks here and there were lunchtime lines at banks and post offices and,
among younger people, movie lines and college-registration lines.

  destined a. 一.命中已然,预约的 2.以…为指标地的

  Acute foreign observers related american adaptiveness and
inventiveness to this educational advantage. As a member of a British
commission visiting here in 1853 reported, “With a mind prepared by
thorough school discipline, the American boy develops rapidly into the
skilled workman.”

E.g. Your call has been put in a queue and will be answered as soon as

  ”Bank lines,” said Mark Sloane, an investor. “No matter what time of
day you bank, the number of tellers is inadequate to the number of
patrons. Even when the bank is open you see long lines infront of the
money machines outside.”

  deem vt. 认为,视为

  A further stimulus to invention came from the “premium” system,
which preceded our patent system and for years ran parallel with it.
This approach, originated abroad, offered inventors medals, cash prizes
and other incentives.

  1. Ethos= the set of attitudes and beliefs that are typical of an
    organization or a group of people

  ”Supermarkets,” said Ed Frantz, a graphic artist, who once abandoned
a full shopping cart in the middle of a long checkout line. It was not a
political act. “The line was filled with coupon clippers and check
writers,” he recalled. “And suddenly I had to walk away. Food no longer

  hypocrisy n. 伪善,虚伪

  In the United States, multitudes of premiums for new devices were
awarded at country fairs and at the industrial fairs in major cities.
Americans flocked to these fairs to admire the new machines and thus to
renew their faith in the beneficence of technological advance.

Working 12-hour days seems to be part of the company ethos.

  In any line the fundamental rule is first come, first served, or
what dsocial scientists call “distributive justice.” Exceptions may be
made, say, in fancy restaurants where the headwaiters have their
favorites, but, in general, the rule prevails.

  location n. 一.岗位,场馆 二.外景拍摄地

  Given this optimistic approach to technological innovation, the
American worker took readily to that special kind of nonverbal thinking
required in mechanical technology. As Eugene Ferguson has pointed out,
“A technologist thinks about objects that cannot be reduced to
unambiguous verbal descriptions; they are dealt with in his mind by a
visual, nonverbal process. The designer and the inventor are able to
assemble and manipulate in their minds devices that as yet do not

  1. patriarchy [‘peɪtrɪɑːkɪ]= a society, system, or organization in
    which men have all or most of the power and influence

  2. destined= 01 certain to do something, or certain to happen in the

  If misery loves company, so do sports fans. Dr. Leon Mann documented
this several years ago when, as a Harvard professor, he studied the long
overnight queues for tickets to ball games in his native Australia.

  locality n. 地区,地点

  This nonverbal “spatial” thinking can be just as creative as
painting and writing. robert fulton once wrote, “The mechanic should sit
down among levers, screws, wedges, wheels, etc. , like a poet among the
letters of the alphabet, considering them as an exhibition of his
thoughts, in which a new arrangement transmits a new idea.”

e.g. destined for: That boy is destined for greatness.

  ”Outside the stadium something of a carnival atmosphere prevails,”
he wrote in The American Journal of Sociology. “The devotees sing, sip
warm drinks, play cards and huddle together.”

  situated a. 位于…的,坐落在…的

  When all these shaping forces — schools, open attitudes, the
premium system, a genius for spatial thinking — interacted with one
another on the rich U.S. mainland, they produced that american
characteristic, emulation. Today that word implies mere imitation. But
in earlier times it meant a friendly but competitive striving for fame
and excellence.

e.g. destined to do something: We both felt that we were destined to

  Like the teams they had come to watch, the fans in line took
timeouts. Some worked in shifts, with certain members leaving to take
naps or eat meals, while others saved their places in line. Some staked
claims in line with items of personal property such as sleeping bags and
folding chairs. “During the early hours of waiting,” Dr. Mann noted,
“the queues often consisted of one part people to two parts inanimate

  spectacle n. 1.演出,场面 2.景象,壮观 3.[-s]眼镜

  invention n. 1.发明,发明物 2.捏造,虚构

02 intended for a particular purpose or person

  Nobody has ever seriously studied Helen Quinn’s Saturday morning
line for Metropolitan Opera tickets, but perhaps someone should –Miss
Quinn is not an official at the Met.

  ample a. 壹.10足的 2.宽阔的,面积大的

  inventor n.发明家,发明者

e.g. destined for: a book destined for the Christmas market

  For 15 years standees at the opera have been doing  just that,
 thanks to Miss Quin’s ticketing system. She makes, dates and numbers
her tickets– one for each of the 175 standing room spots available–
and dispenses them to early birds. Assured of a place, ticket holders
then leave and return shortly before 8 A.M. to line up for the real

  amplify vt. 1.放大,增强 2.扩大,详述


  1. Elitist= supporting or based on a system in which a small group of
    people have a lot of advantages and keep the most power and influence

  idiom n. 1.习语,成语 2.风格,特色

  exceptional a. 1.优越的,杰出的 2.例外的,独特的

  inventory n.1.详细目录 二.存货清单

E.g. They claim that it is elitist and a waste of funds.= It would be a
poor use of resources because only a minority would use it.

  ponder v. 思索,考虑,沉思


  breakthhrough n. 1.突围,突破 二.重大成就,惊人发掘


  abnormal a. 反常的,异常的


  contemplate vt. 1.盘算,计议 2.怀恋,周到思索 3.注视,凝视

  queer a. 一.古怪的,卓殊的 二.不痛快的,眩晕的

  breakdown n. 1.垮台,破裂 2.衰竭,衰弱 3.损坏,故障 4.分类

  weary a. 壹.疲软的,疲倦的 二.使疲劳的,令人反感的 vi.不喜欢的,不耐烦

  ambitious a. 1.有抱负的,雄心勃勃的 贰.有野心的

  premium n. 1.保证金 2.额外国资本费 叁. 奖品,赠品,额外补贴



  a. 一.高端的,优质的 贰.贩卖价格高的

  tiresome a.令人疲劳的,令人厌烦的

  aspiration n. 猛烈的心愿,志向,抱负


  grim a. 1.讨厌的,糟糕的 2.严厉的 3.严酷的,无情的

  enroll vi.(in,on) 入学,加入 vt.招收,吸收

  subsidy n. 津贴,补贴

  consensus n. [单](意见等)一致,1致同意


  verbal a. 1.口头的 2.用言语的,用文字的

  patron n. 1.资助人,赞助人 2.老主顾,顾客

  expel (expelled;expelling) vt. 1.把..除名,把..开除 2.驱逐 3.排出


  resent vt. 对…表示忿恨,怨恨

  formulate vt. 1.构想出,规划 2.系统地解说

  vocal a. 发声的,嗓音的

  graphic a. 1.生动的,形象的 2.绘画的,文字的,图表的

  formulation n. 1.公式化 2.系统的阐释 三.规划,构想

  spatial a. 空间的,与上空有关的

  coupon n. 1.礼券,优惠券 2.配券,票证

  impulse n. 一.催人奋进,不日常的心劲 二.使得,驱使 三.脉冲

  literacy n.识字,有知识,读写技巧

  clip n. 一.夹子,回形针,别针 二.弹夹,弹仓 三.剪,修剪 肆.剪报,电影片断


  literate a.一.有读写工夫的 二.有知识修养的

  vt.(clipped;clipping) 1.夹住,扣住 2.剪,修剪 3.削减,缩短

  propel (propelled,propelling) vt. 1.推进,推动 2.激励,驱使

  stimulus n. 1.促进 2.刺激


  curb vt. 控制,约束 n. 控制,约束


  clamp n.夹头,夹具,夹钳 vt.(用夹具等)夹紧,固定

  sly a. 1.狡猾的,狡诈的 2.会意的,会心的

  provocation n. 1.挑衅,挑拨 2.刺激,激怒

  prevail vi. 1.流行,盛行 2.获胜,占优势 3.说明,劝说,诱使


  provocative a. 1.挑衅的,煽动的 2.刺激的

  prevalent a.流秆的,普遍的

  shrewd a. 机灵的,敏锐的,精明的

  precede vt. 在…之前,先于

  misery n. 1.缠绵悱恻,干扰,横祸 贰.横祸的情况,贫苦

  confidential a. 1.地下的,机密的 贰.代表深信的

  precedent n. 1.先例,范例,判例 2.惯例

  carnival n. 1.表演会 2.庆祝,欢宴 3.狂欢节

  Unit Eight

  patent n.专利,专利权


  The Advantages and Disadvantages of Cars


  feast n. 1.盛宴,筵席 2.节日

  The use of the motor is becoming more and more widespread in the
twentieth century; as an increasing number of countries develop both
technically and economically, so a larger proportion of the world’s
population is able to buy and use a car. Possessing a car gives a much
greater degree of mobility, enabling the driver to move around freely.
The owner of a car is no longer forced to rely on public transport and
is, therefore, not compelled to work locally. He can choose from
different jobs and probably changes his work more frequently as he is
not restricted to a choice within a small radius. Traveling to work by
car is also more comfortable than having to use public transport; the
driver can adjust the heating in winter and the air-conditioning in the
summer to suit his own needs and preference. There is no irritation
caused by waiting for trains, buses or underground trains, standing in
long patient queues, or sitting on windy platforms, for as long as half
an hour sometimes. With the building of good, fast motorways long
distances can be covered rapidly and pleasantly. For the first time in
this century also, many people are now able to enjoy their leisure time
to the full by making trips to the country or seaside at the weekends,
instead of being confined to their immediate neighborhood. This feeling
of independence, and the freedom to go where you please, is perhaps the
greatest advantage of the car.


  sociology n. 社会学

  when considering the drawbacks, perhaps pollution is of prime
importance. As more and more cars are produced and used, so the emission
from their exhaust-pipes contains an ever larger volume of poisonous
gas. Some of the contents of this gas, such as lead, not only pollute
the atmosphere but cause actual harm to the health of people. Many of
the minor illnesses of modern industrial society, headaches, tiredness,
and stomach upsets are thought to arise from breathing polluted air;
doctors’ surgeries are full of people suffering from illnesses caused by
pollution. It is also becoming increasingly difficult to deal with the
problem of traffic in towns; most of the important cities of the world
suffer form traffic jams. In fact, any advantage gained in comfort is
often cancelled out in city driving by the frustration caused by traffic
jams: endless queues of cars crawling one after another at the
intersections. As an increasing number of traffic regulation schemes are
devised, the poor bewildered driver finds himself diverted and forced
into one-way systems which cause even greater delays than the traffic
jams they are supposed to prevent. The mounting cost of petrol and the
increased tolls and road tax all add to the driver’s worries. In fact,
he must sometimes wonder if the motor car is such a blessing and not
just a menace.

  originate vi. 起源于,来自,产生

  sip v.(sipped,sippig)小口地喝,抿,呷 n. 小口喝

  mobility n. 1.流动性,移动性 2.机动性


因而翻阅学词汇,文都教育。  huddle vi. 一.汇合在一同 二.把人体蜷成1团 vt.使聚焦在壹块儿

  mobilize vt. 一.动员 二.调动 vi.动员起来




  commence v.开始

因而翻阅学词汇,文都教育。  inanimate a. 一.无性命的,非动物的 二.无生气的,单调的

  summon vi. 一.召唤 2. (up)鼓起勇气 叁.进行,召集

  incentive n.刺激,鼓励

  metropolitan a.大城市的,大都会的

  irritate vt. 一.使恼怒,使烦躁 二.使(肉体某有个别)不适,使疼痛

  multitude n. 1.大量,许多 2.大众,民众

  dispense vt. 1.分配,分发 2.配(药),发(药) 3.实施,执行

  radius n. 半径

  ambiguous a.引起歧义的,形式棱两可的,含糊不清的


  air-conditioning n. 中央空调设备,空调系统


  disperse vi. 1.分散,散开 2.消散,消失 vt. 1.使分散,赶散 2.使消散,驱散

  drawback n. 缺点,欠缺,不利条件

  indefinite a. 一.不明显的,含糊的 贰.Infiniti制时间的

  Unit Five


  exdplicit a. 壹.综上说述的,明晰的;详述的 二.直言的,毫不隐瞒的,露骨的

  Aggressive Patriotism in Sports

  setback n. 挫折,倒退,失败

  manipulate vt. 1.操纵,控制,影响 2.操作,使用

  Some people believe that international sport creates goodwill
between the nations. Others say that the opposite is true: that
international contests encourage false national pride and lead to
misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably some truth in both
arguments, but in recent years the Olympic games have done little to
support the view that sports encourages international brotherhood. Not
only, was there the tragic incident involving the murder of athletes,
but the games were also ruined by lesser incidents caused principally by
minor national contests.

  handicap n. 1.缺陷 2.障碍 vt. (handicapped;handicapping) 妨碍,使不利

  lever n. 1.杠杆 2.途径,工具,手段

  One country received its second-place medals with visible
indignation after the hockey final. There had been noisy scenes at the
end of the hockey match, the users objecting to the final decisions.
They were convinced that one of their goals should not have been
disallowed and that their opponents’ victory was unfair. Their manager
was in a rage when he said:”This wasn’t hockey. Hockey and the
International Hockey Federation are finished.” The president of the
Federation said later that such behavior could result in the suspension
of the team for at least three years.

  productive a. 一.丰产的,雄厚的 二.富有作用的

  vt. 撬动,撬起

  The American basketball team announced that they would not yield
first place to Russia, after a disputable end to their contest. The game
had ended in disturbance. It was thought at first that the United States
had won, by a single point, but it was announced that there were three
seconds still to play. A Russian player then threw the ball from one end
of the court to the other, and another player popped it into the basket.
It was the first time the USA had ever lost an Olympic basketball match.
The American players then voted not to receive the silver medals.

  productivity n. 生产力,生产率

  wedge n.楔(子) vt. 把…楔入,塞入

  Incidents of this kind well continue as long as sport is played
competitively rather than for the love of the game. In the present
organization of the Olympics there is far too much that encourages
aggressive patriotism.

  surgery n. 一.妇性病科,妇科手术 二.手术室


  tragic a. 1.悲惨的,可悲的 2.悲剧(性)的

  surgeon n. 产科医务人士

  groove n. 沟,槽



  hinge n. 铰链

  dreadful a. 一.糟透了的,极不合意的 二.最棒的,极其大的

  dentist n.牙科医师

  interact vi. 互相功能,互相影响

  pathetic a. 一.弱智的,令人生厌的 2.可悲的,可怜的,引起怜悯的

  ward n.病房

  emulation n. 1.竞赛,竞争 2.仿效,仿真

  disastrous a. 一.凄婉的,产生悲惨的 二.极坏的,很糟的

  bandage n.绷带 vt.用绷带包扎

  imitation n. 1.模仿 2.仿制,仿制品 3.赝品

  catastrophe n. 大灾难,灾祸

  intersection n.道路交叉口,交点

  strive vi. 努力,奋斗,力求

  destructive a. 破坏(性)的,毁灭(性)的


  sculpture n.一.雕刻,摄影 2.雕刻小说,水墨画品

  comic a. 喜剧的,滑稽的

  junction n.联结点,交叉口,枢纽

必发88,  [联想词]

  incident n. 一.生出的事 2.事件,事变

  overpass n.天桥,立交桥

  carve vt. 1.切,把…切碎 2.雕刻,刻

  incidence n.[单]发生率

  barricade n. 路 vt.在…设路障

  engrave vt. 1.在…上雕刻 2.使铭记,使牢记

  incidentally ad.顺便说及,顺便提一句

  bewilder vt. 使迷惑,难住

  statue n. 雕像,塑像

  indignation n. 愤怒,愤慨,义愤


  bust n. 1.胸像,半身像 2.胸部,胸围

  indignant a. 愤怒的,愤慨的,义愤的

  perplex vt. 使质疑,使复杂化

  marble n. 1.大理石


  baffle vt. 使困惑,难住

  diploma n. 毕业文凭,结束学业评释,资格证书

  fury n. 1.狂怒,暴怒 2.狂暴,猛烈

  toll n. 一.过路费 贰.(事故等的)受伤与世长辞人数,损失 v.(缓慢而有规律的)敲(钟)


  furious a. 1.狂怒的,暴怒的 2.强烈的,激烈的

  divert vt. 壹.使转向,使改道 贰.调换,转移…的注目力 3.使娱乐

  diplomat n. 一.外交官,法学家 贰.有应酬花招的人,油滑的人

  dismay n. 1.失望,气馁 2.惊恐,惊愕 vt. 1.使失望,使气馁

  diversion n. 壹.调换,转向 2.消遣,娱乐 三.不经常绕行走

  perpetual a. 一.永远的,永远的,长时间的 贰.无休止的,没完没了的

  hockey n. 曲棍球

  bless v. 一.使有幸获得,使具有 二.为…祈神赐福

  Unit Two


  blessing n. 一.祈神赐福 2.好事,恩惠

  Fight Again Youth Smoking

  versus prep. 壹.以…为对手,对 二.与…相对,与…相比较之下

  menace n. 一.独具危急的人 2.威慑,威逼 vt. 胁迫,威吓

  Three years ago, appalled by how many children were becoming
addicted to cigarettes every year, the Vice President and I committed
this administration to stopping the sale and marketing of cigarettes to
children. Today, thanks to these efforts and the persistence of state
attorneys general, the public health community, and leaders in Congress,
we have the best opportunity ever to pass comprehensive anti-smoking
legislation that well save millions of our children from a premature,
painful, and very preventable death.

  federation n. 1.联合会 2.联邦


  This week, in a historic and resounding 19 to 1 vote, a key Senate
committee gave its stamp of approval to comprehensive legislation
sponsored by Senator John McCain, a Republican, and Senator Fritz
Hollings, a Democrat, that would cut youth smoking by half over the next
decade. This bill represents a dramatic step forward. It would raise the
price of cigarettes, give the FDA full authority to regulate tobacco
products, ban advertising aimed at children, and protect tobacco

  suspension n.一.暂停,中止 2.休息加入,临时剥夺

  intimidate vt. 恐吓,威胁

  We still have work to do in this legislation. Above all, we need to
put in place tough penalties that will cost the tobacco industry if it
continues to sell cigarettes to young people. Just this week the Centers
for Disease Control released a disturbing report that more than a third
of teenagers in the United States now smoke, even though it’s illegal.

  disturbance n. 一.滋扰,骚扰 贰.骚乱,混乱 三.小便短赤,烦恼

  bully vt.欺凌,威逼 n.恃强欺弱者

  It is time to hold tobacco companies accountable. Reducidng youth
smoking must be veerybody’s bottom line. Let’s remember — this is not
about politics or money, or seeking revenge against the tobacco industry
for past practices. We’re not trying to put the tobacco companies out of
business; we want to put them out of the business of selling cigarattes
to kids. This week’s progress in the Senate shows we have real momentum
in both parties to do just that.


  jeopardize vt. 危及,损害

  There’re still maly issues to be worked out and many long nights
ahead. But we have within our grasp one of the most important public
health victories our nation has ever achieved.

  harassment n. 1.侵扰,骚扰 2.烦恼,困苦

  terrify vt. 使害怕,使惊吓

  Finally, lit me just pause a moment to observe the 30th anniversary
of the death of one of America’s greatest heroes, Dr. Martin Luther
King. His dream, deeply rooted in the American Dream, is a dream for all
Americans. Let us here at home always strive to heed Dr. King’s words
and live up to his legacy.

  patriotism n. 爱国主义,爱国精神,爱国心patriot n. 爱国者,爱国主义者

  terrific a. 1.可怕的,吓人的 2.极度的,极大的

  ——– Bill Clinton

  patriotic a. 爱国的,有爱国心的,显表示情爱国精神的

  Unit Nine

  appall vt.使惊骇,使惊诧极其

  Unit Six

  The Definition of a Gentleman


  Manners Are Practically Non-Existent

  It is almost a definition of a gentleman to say he is one who never
inflicts pain. This description is both refined and, as far as it goes,
accurate. He is mainly occupied in merely removing the obstacles which
hinder the free and unembarrassed action of those about him. His
benefits may be considered as parallel to what are called comforts or
convenience in arrangements of a personal nature: like an easy chair or
a good fire, which do their part in dispelling cold and fatigue, though
nature provides both means of rest and animal heat without them. The
true gentleman in like manner carefully avoids whatever may cause a jar
or a jolt in the minds of those with whom he is cast; – all clashing of
opinion, or collision of feeling, all restraint, or suspicion, or gloom,
or resentment; his great concern being to made every one at their ease
and at home. He has his eyes on all his company: he is tender towards
the bashful, gentle towards the distant, and merciful towards the
absurd; he can recollect to whom he is speaking; he guards against
unseasonable allusions, or topics which may irritate; he is seldom
prominent in conversation, and never wearisome.

  terrify vt.使害怕,使惊吓

  Manners nowadyas in metropolitan cities like London are practically
non-existent. It is nothing for a big, strong schoolboy to elbow an
elderly woman aside in the dash for the last remaining seat on the tube
or bus, much less stand up and offer his seat to her, as he ought. In
fact, it is saddening to note that if a man does offer his seat to an
older woman, it is nearly always a Continental man or one from the older

  He makes light of favors while he does them, and seems to be
receiving when he is conferring. He never speaks of himself except when
compelled, defends himself by a mere retort, he has no ears for slander
or gossip, is scrupulous in imputing motives to those who interfere with
him, and interprets every thing for the best. He is never mean or little
in his disputes, never takes unfair advantage, never mistakes
personalities or sharp sayings for arguments, or insulates evil which he
dare not say out. From a long-sighted prudence, he observes the maxim of
the ancient sage, that we should ever conduct ourselves towards our
enemy as if he were one day to be our friend. He has too much good sense
to be affronted at insults, he is too well employed to remember
injuries, and too indolent to bear malice. He is patient, forbearing,
and resigned, on philosophical principles; he submits to pain, because
it is inevitable, to bereavement, because it is irreparable, and to
death, because it is his destiny. If he engages in controversy of any
kind, his disciplined intellect preserves him from the blunder.

  outrage vt.激起…的义愤,激怒

  This question of giving up seats in public transport is much argued
about by young men, who say that, since women have claimed equality,
they no longer deserve to be treated with courtesy and that those who go
out to work should take their turn in the rat race like anyone else.
Women have never claimed to be physically as strong as men. Even if it
is not agreed, however, that young men should stand up for younger
women, the fact remains that courtesy should be shown to the old, the
sick and the burdened. Are we really so lost to all ideals of
unselfishness that we can sit there indifferently reading the paper or a
book, saying to ourselves “First come, first served,” while a greyhaired
woman, a mother with a young child or a cripple stands? Yet this is all
too often seen.


  n.一.义愤,愤慨 二.暴行,骇人听说的风浪

  Conditions in travel are really very hard on everyone, we know, but
hardship is surely no excuse. Sometimes one wonders what would have been
the behaviour of these stuot young men in a packed refugee train or a
train on its way to a prison-camp during the War. Would they have
considered it only right and their proper due to keep the best places
for themselves then?

  It is one of the beautiful compensations of this life that no one
can sincerely try to help another without helping himself.

  addict n.一.有瘾的人 二.入迷的人

  Older people, tired and irritable from a day’s work, are not angels,
either — far from it. Many a brisk argument or an insulting quarrel
breaks out as the weary queues push and shove each other to get on buses
and tubes. One cannot commend this, of course, but one does feel there
is just a little more excuse.

  The great tragedy of life is not that men perish ,but that they cese
to love.


  If cities are to remain pleasant places to live in at all, however,
it seems imperative, not only that communications in transport should be
improved, but also that communication between human beings should be
kept smooth and polite. All over cities, it seems that people are too
tired and too rushed to be polite. Shop assistants won’t bother to
assist, taxi-drivers growl at each other as they dash dangerously round
corners, bus conductor pull the bell before their desperate passengers
have had time to get on or offer the bus, and so on and so on. It seems
to us that it is up to the young and strong to do their small part to
stop such deterioration.

  inflict vt. (on,upon)把…强加给,使遭受,使承担




  cocaine n.可卡因

  You may be disappointed if you fail, but you are doomed if you don’t

  afflict vt.使苦恼,折磨

  toxic a.有剧毒的,中毒引起的

  —-Beverly Sills

  alleviate vt.减轻,缓解,缓和

  persistent a. 一.坚称的,执意的 贰.缕缕的

  metropolitan a.大城市的,大都会的

  hinder vt.阻碍,妨碍

  persistence n.1.滴水穿石,执意 二. 连绵,持续状态




  municipal a. 市的,市政的

  detain vt. 1.拘留,扣留 2.留住,耽搁

  stubborn a. 一.一意孤行的,执拗的,倔强的 二.难对付的,难于征服的

  courtesy n. 一.谦恭有礼 二.有礼貌的举措(或言词)

  jolt n. 1.震动,摇动,颠簸 2.震惊

  legislation n.一.法律,法规 二,立法的,法律的制定

  cripple n. 跛子,伤残人 vt. 壹.使跛,使受到损伤致残 2.严重减弱,使陷于瘫痪

  collision n. 1.碰撞 2.冲突,抵触


  stout a. 1.发福的,胖而大的 2.结出的,稳固的 三.勇敢的,大胆的,顽强的

  collide vi.1.碰撞 2.冲突

  legitimate a. 一.合理的 二.合法的,法律承认的



  judicial a. 1.司法的,法庭的,审判的 2.明断的,公正的

  sturdy a. 1.强壮的,结实的,坚固的 2.坚定的,坚强的

  coincide vi. 一.同是雪生2.约等于,相壹致 3.职责重合,重叠

  sue vi.1.控告,起诉 2.要求,请求 vt.控告,起诉

  hardy a. 1.强壮的,坚强的,能努力的 二.耐寒的

  coincidence n. 1.巧合,巧事 2.一致,符合

  prosecute vt.一.对…聊到公诉,告发,检举 2.一连从事 vi.投诉,告发

  robust a. 强壮的,健康的

  suspicious a. 一.疑虑的,狐疑的 二.疑惑的 3.表示疑虑的

  defendant n.被告

  muscular a. 肌肉发达的,强壮的

  gloom n. 1.昏暗,阴暗 2.忧郁,沮丧

  invalid a.一.无效的,作废的 贰.无可相信依照的 n.病弱者,残疾者

  fragile a. 壹.易碎的,脆的,易磨损的 2.柔弱的,柔弱的

  gloomy a. 壹.忧虑的,丧气的 二.让人失望的 3.昏暗的

  testify vi.1.作证,证明 2.表明,说明 vt.作证,证明

  irritate vt. 壹.使恼怒,使烦躁 二.使(肉体某部分)不适,使疼痛

  bashful a. 局促的不安的,羞怯的

  testimony n.1.证词 2.见证,证明

  irritable a. 1.易怒的,急躁的 2.(器官等)过敏的

  absurd a. 荒谬的,荒唐的

  premature a.1.比预期时间早是 2.不成熟的,仓促的



  authority n.一.权力,管辖权 二.官方,当局 3.当权者,行政管理机构

  aggravate vt. 1.加重,加剧,使恶化 2.激怒,使恼火

  insane a. 一.蠢极的,荒唐的 2.精神反常的,疯狂的

  authoritative a.一.权威性的,可相信的 二.私自的,命令式的

  angel n. 一.Smart 二.喜闻乐见的人

  hysterical a.心思分外激动的

  authorize vt.授权,批准

  brisk a. 一.轻快的,生龙活虎的 贰.兴隆的,繁忙活跃的 三.寒冷而干净的

  confer (conferred;conferring) vi.商谈,商议 vt.授予,赋予



  retort v.反驳 n.反驳

  definitive a. 1.最保障的,权威性的 二.决定性的

  energetic a. 精力旺盛的,充满活力的


  accountable a. 负起义务的

  slack a. 1.不活跃的,萧条的,雅淡的 2.懒散的,大意的 三.松(驰)的

  refute vt.反驳,驳斥

  revenge n.报复,报仇

  n. (绳索等)松弛一些 vi.懈怠,懒散

  slander n.诽谤,诋毁

  momentum n.1.动力,冲力,势力 2.动量

  weary a. 1.疲软的,疲倦的 二.使人疲劳的,使人不喜欢的 vi.(of)恨恶,不耐烦

  gossip n. 一.飞短流长 二.爱指指点点的人


  shove vt. 1.乱推,挤 2.乱塞,随意做 vi. 用力推,挤 n.猛推

  scrupulous a. 1.有想念的 二.细致的

  impetus n.1.推动,促进,刺激 2.推动力

  commend vt. 1.表扬,称赞 2.推荐

  insulate vt. 隔离,使隔绝

  strive vi.努力,奋斗,力求

  imperative a. 1.供给的,殷切的,极重要的 二.指令的 n.

  prudence n. 一.严酷,小心 二.精明,深思远虑 三.节俭

  heed vt.留心,注意,听从

  growl vi. 1.(动物)发狺狺声 二.低志咆哮着说话

  indolent a. 一.懈怠的,怠惰的 二.令人困倦的

  legency n.遗赠的财富,遗产


  malice n.恶意,怨恨

  deadly a.一.致死的,致命的 贰.不共戴天的,殊死的 3.特别的,十足的

  howl vi.嚎叫,吼叫,(风)呼啸 n.嚎叫,吼叫,(风)呼啸

  bereavement n.丧亲,丧友


  yell vi. 号叫,叫喊 n.号叫,叫喊

  blunder n. (因无知马虎等导致的)错误 vi.壹.跌跌撞撞地走 贰.犯谬误

  drastic a.1.极端的,严厉的 2.激烈的,迅猛的

  mutter v. n.轻声低语,小声抱怨


  epidemic n.一.流行病 贰.沿袭,流行 a.流行性的,流传极广的

  mute a. 一.沉吟不语的,无声的 二.哑的,举说话的 叁.(字母)不失声的

  stagger vi.摇晃,蹒跚 vt. 1.使吃惊 2.使错开

  lure vt.吸引,引诱,诱惑

  murmur v. n. 小声说话,小声抱怨,咕哝

  stumble vi. 一.绊脚,绊倒 二.跌跌撞撞地走 叁.结结Baba

  Unit Three

  buzz n. 嗡嗡声 vi.发出嗡嗡声

  tumble vi. 一.跌倒,摔下 贰.翻滚 3.情难自禁的卷入 四.(价格等)暴跌

  Beauty Is Meaningless

  deteriorate vi. 变坏,恶化

[上一页] [1] [2] [3]

  A young man sees a sunset and, unable to understand or to express
the emotion that it rouses in him, concludes that it must be the gateway
to a world that lies beyond. It is difficult for any of us in moments of
intense aesthetic experience to resist the suggestion that we are
catching a glimpse of a light that shines down to us from a different
realm of existence, different and, because the experience is intensely
moving, in some wqy higher. And, though the gleams blind and dazzle, yet
they do convey a hint of beauty and serenity greater than we have known
or imagined. Greater too than we can describe, for language, which was
invented to convey the meanings of this world, cannot readily be fitted
to the uses of another.

  deterioration n. 变坏,恶化,堕落


  That all great art has this power of suggesting a world beyond is
undeniable. In some moods, Nature shares it. There is no sky in June so
blue that it does not point forward to a bluer, no sunset so beautiful
that it does not waken the vision of a greater beauty, a wision which
passes before it is fully glimpsed, and in passing leaves an indefinable
linging and regret. But, if this world is not merely a bad joke, life a
vulgar flare amid the cool radiance of the stars, and existence an empty
laugh braying across the mysteries, if these intimations of a something
behind and beyond are not evil humour born of indigestion, or whimsies
sent by the devil to mock and madden us , if, in a word, beauty means
something, yet we must not seek to interpret the meaning. If we glimpse
the unutterable, it is unwise to try to utter it, nor should we seek to
invest with significance that which we cannot grasp. Beauty in terms of
our human meanings is meaningless.



  intense a. 1.强烈的,剧烈的,紧张的 2.认真的,专注的 3.热情的,热切的

  crumble vt. 弄碎 vi. 崩溃,瓦解

  intensify v. (使)增强,(使)加剧

  perfection n. 完美,完善

  aesthetic a. 1.美学的,审美的 2.悦目的,雅致的


  gleam vi.1.闪亮,闪烁 2.闪现,流露 n.1.闪光,闪亮 2.闪现,流露

  intact a. 完整无缺的,未经触动的,未受损伤的


[上一页] [1] [2] [3] [下一页]

  sparkle vi.1.发光,闪耀,闪烁 2.活跃,焕发 n.1.发光,闪耀,闪烁


  glitter vi. 光彩夺目,闪耀 n.闪光,灿烂的巨人 2.耀眼,辉煌


  dazzle vt. 使炫耀 n.一.耀眼的光 二.令人称赞的东西

  serenity n. 1.平静,安详 2.晴朗,明朗

  denial n. 1.否认 2.拒绝

  undeniable a.不可不可以认的

  vulgar a. 1.粗野的,下流的 2.庸俗的,粗俗的


  boscene a. 1.淫秽的,下流的 2.可憎的,可恶的

  flare vi. 一.(火焰)闪耀 二.突发,突然发怒 n.闪光实信号,照明弹


  erupt vi. 壹.(火山等)喷发 二.(战斗等)爆发,突然发生

  ignite vt. 点燃,引发

  radiant a. 一.容光朝气蓬勃的,心满意足的 二.光芒四射的,光辉灿烂的 3.辐射的


  radiate v. 1.发出(光或热),辐射 2.流露,显示

  radioactive a. 放射性的,有辐射的

  bray vi. 一.(驴)叫 二.以响而粗的音响说(或笑)

  whimsy n. 一.怪念头,古怪的主张 二.稀奇奇异


  bizare a. 怪诞的,奇形怪状的

  weird a. 壹.怪诞的,古怪的 二.怪诞的,神秘可怕的

  mock vt. 一.吐槽,嘲弄 二.(为了取笑)模仿 vi.嘲讽,戏弄

  a. 1.模拟的,学习的 2.假的,假装的

 [1] [2] [3] [下一页]





电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注